Cancer is a dangerous disease. It involves abnormal cell growth that can spread to other parts of the body. Learning that you have cancer can be devastating. People dread of getting a cancer diagnosis, and if this happens, it will be difficult for you and your family. Dealing with the fact that you have cancer can be challenging, and we are here to help.
Surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and stem cell transplant are the main kinds of cancer treatment. The treatment you need depends on the type of cancer you have. Here are the most common types of cancer:
Lung cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in lungs. These cells develop into delicate lung tissues and divide rapidly forming tumors. The tumors interfere with the lung’s function to provide oxygen to our bloodstream. The most common causes of lung cancer are cigarette smoking and the exposure to second-hand smoke.
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in females, usually in older women. Usual signs of breast cancer include a lump, change is skin color or texture, and fluid discharge from nipples. There is no definite cause of breast cancer, but risk factors include getting older and having a dense breast tissue.
This type of cancer occurs exclusively in males and is common to men over 50 years old. It affects the prostate – a small gland in the male reproductive system. Prostate cancer typically develops at a very slow rate, that’s why symptoms might only become evident or noticeable when your prostate is already large. The symptoms include urinary problems, erectile dysfunction, and painful ejaculation.
Leukemia is the cancer of blood cells. The abnormal cells are produced in the bone marrow. Typical symptoms are a pain in the bones, swollen lymph nodes, easy bruising, and discomfort or swelling in the abdomen. The four main types of leukemia are acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL), chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), acute myelocytic leukemia (AML), and chronic myelocytic leukemia (CML).
Colorectum cancer, also known as bowel cancer or colon/rectum cancer, is cancer of the colon and the rectum that are parts of the large intestine. A person with colorectum cancer may experience a persistent change in bowel habit, blood and feces, bloating in the abdomen, and rectal bleeding.
Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that develops in melanocytes. Melanoma often resembles a mole and signs and symptoms can be determined by looking for ABCDE signs: asymmetry (asymmetrical), border (uneven), color (variety of color), diameter (large), evolving. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight increases your risk of having a melanoma.
Rarecancers.org is a website provides comprehensive information about cancer types and treatment options. We also aim to support and empower cancer patients dealing with this complex disease. Learn as much as you can about cancer with our resources. Know how to cope with your condition by managing stress, anxiety, and depression. Get the help and support you need. Stop being hopeless; get back to your life and battle cancer with us.